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Issue 12, 2009
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Time-series analysis to study the impact of an intersection on dispersion along a street canyon

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Abstract

This paper presents data analysis from the Brooklyn Traffic Real-Time Ambient Pollutant Penetration and Environmental Dispersion (B-TRAPPED) study to assess the transport of ultrafine particulate matter (PM) across urban intersections. Experiments were performed in a street canyon perpendicular to a highway in Brooklyn, NY, USA. Real-time ultrafine PM samplers were positioned on either side of an intersection at multiple locations along a street to collect time-series number concentration data. Meteorology equipment was positioned within the street canyon and at an upstream background site to measure wind speed and direction. Time-series analysis was performed on the PM data to compute a transport velocity along the direction of the street for the cases where background winds were parallel and perpendicular to the street. The data were analyzed for sampler pairs located (1) on opposite sides of the intersection and (2) on the same block. The time-series analysis demonstrated along-street transport, including across the intersection when background winds were parallel to the street canyon and there was minimal transport and no communication across the intersection when background winds were perpendicular to the street canyon. Low but significant values of the cross-correlation function (CCF) underscore the turbulent nature of plume transport along the street canyon. The low correlations suggest that flow switching around corners or traffic-induced turbulence at the intersection may have aided dilution of the PM plume from the highway. This observation supports similar findings in the literature. Furthermore, the time-series analysis methodology applied in this study is introduced as a technique for studying spatiotemporal variation in the urban microscale environment.

Graphical abstract: Time-series analysis to study the impact of an intersection on dispersion along a street canyon

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2009, accepted on 28 Sep 2009 and first published on 06 Nov 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B907134M
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2009,11, 2153-2162
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    Time-series analysis to study the impact of an intersection on dispersion along a street canyon

    J. Richmond-Bryant, A. D. Eisner, I. Hahn, C. R. Fortune, Z. E. Drake-Richman, L. A. Brixey, M. Talih, R. W. Wiener and W. D. Ellenson, J. Environ. Monit., 2009, 11, 2153
    DOI: 10.1039/B907134M

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