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Issue 7, 2009
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Development of a miniaturized diffusive sampler for true breathing-zone sampling and thermal desorption gas chromatographic analysis

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Abstract

Exposure measurements should be performed as close as possible to the nose and mouth for a more correct assessment of exposure. User-friendly sampling equipment, with a minimum of handling before, during and after measurement, should not affect ordinary work. In diffusive (passive) sampling, no extra equipment as sampling pumps is needed, making the measurements more acceptable to the user. The diffusive samplers are normally attached on a shoulder, on a breast-pocket or on the lapel. There are, however, difficulties if true breathing-zone sampling is to be performed, since available diffusive samplers normally cannot be arranged close to the nose/mouth. The purpose of this work was to study the performance of a miniaturized tube type diffusive sampler attached to a headset for true breathing-zone sampling. The basis for this miniaturization was the Perkin Elmer ATD tube. Both the size of the tube and the amount of adsorbent was decreased for the miniaturized sampler. A special tube holder to be used with a headset was designed for the mini tube. The mini tube is thermally desorbed inside a standard PE tube. The new sampler was evaluated for the determination of styrene, both in laboratory experiments and in field measurements. As reference method, diffusive sampling with standard Perkin Elmer tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatographic (GC) analysis was used. The sampling rate was determined to 0.356 mL min−1 (CV 9.6%) and was not significantly affected by concentration, sampling time or relative humidity.

Graphical abstract: Development of a miniaturized diffusive sampler for true breathing-zone sampling and thermal desorption gas chromatographic analysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jan 2009, accepted on 29 Apr 2009 and first published on 27 May 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B901926J
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2009,11, 1340-1344
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    Development of a miniaturized diffusive sampler for true breathing-zone sampling and thermal desorption gas chromatographic analysis

    R. Lindahl, J. Levin and M. Sundgren, J. Environ. Monit., 2009, 11, 1340
    DOI: 10.1039/B901926J

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