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Issue 23, 2009
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Thermodynamics of the complexation of uranium(VI) with oxalate in aqueous solution at 10–70 °C

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Abstract

The protonation reactions of oxalate (ox) and the complex formation of uranium(VI) with oxalate in 1.05 mol kg−1 NaClO4 were studied at variable temperatures (10–70 °C). Three U(VI)/ox complexes (UO2oxj(2−2j)+ with j = 1, 2, 3) were identified in this temperature range. The formation constants and the molar enthalpies of complexation were determined by spectrophotometry and calorimetry. The complexation of uranium(VI) with oxalate ion is exothermic at lower temperatures (10–40 °C) and becomes endothermic at higher temperatures (55–70 °C). In spite of this, the free energy of complexation becomes more negative at higher temperatures due to increasingly more positive entropy of complexation that exceeds the increase of the enthalpy of complexation. The thermodynamic parameters at different temperatures, in conjunction with the literature data for other dicarboxylic acids, provide insight into the relative strength of U(VI) complexes with a series of dicarboxylic acids (oxalic, malonic and oxydiacetic) and rationalization for the highest stability of U(VI)/oxalate complexes in the series. The data reported in this study are of importance in predicting the migration of uranium(VI) in geological environments in the case of failure of the engineering barriers, which protect waste repositories.

Graphical abstract: Thermodynamics of the complexation of uranium(vi) with oxalate in aqueous solution at 10–70 °C

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jan 2009, accepted on 12 Mar 2009 and first published on 09 Apr 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B901561B
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2009, 4450-4457
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    Thermodynamics of the complexation of uranium(VI) with oxalate in aqueous solution at 10–70 °C

    P. Di Bernardo, P. L. Zanonato, G. Tian, M. Tolazzi and L. Rao, Dalton Trans., 2009, 4450
    DOI: 10.1039/B901561B

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