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Issue 6, 2009
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Synthesis and properties of a novel tripodal bipyridyl ligand tb-carbinol and its Ru(II)–Re(I) trimetallic complexes: investigation of multimetallic artificial systems for photocatalytic CO2 reduction

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Abstract

A novel tripodal ligand, tris[(4′-methyl-2,2′-bipyridin-4-yl)methyl]carbinol (tb-carbinol) and its homonuclear and heteronuclear Ru(II)–Re(I) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and mass spectroscopy. The spectroscopic, electrochemical and photocatalytic properties of the Ru(II)–Re(I) complexes have been investigated. In these supramolecular complexes with tb-carbinol as a bridging ligand, the intramolecular interaction among the terminal metal centers is very weak. In the cases of Ru(II) and Re(I) heteronuclear systems, when the Re(I) moieties are excited, the emission from the Re(I) moiety is efficiently quenched and the intensity of the emission from the Ru(II) moiety increases. The rate constant of energy transfer from Re(I) moieties to Ru(II) unit in RuRe2 is 1.7 × 108 s−1. From the point of view of the free energy change, the intramolecular electron transfer from the Ru(II) moiety to the Re(I) moiety could proceed smoothly in the ground state. Both of Ru2Re and RuRe2 show excellent photocatalytic activities to the CO2 reduction. RuRe2 exhibits a turnover number of 190 for CO formation compared with 89 from the model complexes system after 16 h of irradiation (TNCO calculated based on Ru(II) moiety concentration). Ru2Re shows a higher turnover number than the model complexes system, 110 compared with 55 from the model system (TNCO calculated based on Re(I) moiety concentration). The bridging ligand of Ru(II)–Re(I) heteronuclear tripodal systems, tb-carbinol, plays an important role in converting radiant energy to chemical energy in the form of CO from CO2. Enhancement of the photocatalytic response to light in the visible region has been achieved by fabricating supramolecular systems featuring covalently linked Ru(II) and Re(I) moieties.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and properties of a novel tripodal bipyridyl ligand tb-carbinol and its Ru(II)–Re(I) trimetallic complexes: investigation of multimetallic artificial systems for photocatalytic CO2 reduction

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Aug 2008, accepted on 29 Sep 2008 and first published on 16 Dec 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B814340D
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2009,0, 983-993
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    Synthesis and properties of a novel tripodal bipyridyl ligand tb-carbinol and its Ru(II)–Re(I) trimetallic complexes: investigation of multimetallic artificial systems for photocatalytic CO2 reduction

    Z. Bian, K. Sumi, M. Furue, S. Sato, K. Koike and O. Ishitani, Dalton Trans., 2009, 0, 983
    DOI: 10.1039/B814340D

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