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Issue 2, 2009
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Total chemical synthesis of proteins

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Abstract

This tutorial review outlines the modern ligation methods that enable the efficient total chemical synthesis of enzymes and other protein molecules. Key to this success is the chemoselective reaction of unprotected synthetic peptides (‘chemical ligation’). Notably, native chemical ligation enables the reaction of two unprotected peptides in aqueous solution at neutral pH to form a single product in near quantitative yield. Full-length synthetic polypeptides are folded to form the defined tertiary structure of the target protein molecule, which is characterized by mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray crystallography, in addition to biochemical and/or biological activity.

Graphical abstract: Total chemical synthesis of proteins

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2008 and first published on 16 Sep 2008


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/B700141J
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009,38, 338-351
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    Total chemical synthesis of proteins

    S. B. H. Kent, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009, 38, 338
    DOI: 10.1039/B700141J

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