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Issue 44, 2009
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Studies on the Cl + C2H5I reaction; site specific abstraction reactions and thermodynamics of adduct formation studied by observation of HCL product

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Abstract

The reaction of chlorine atoms with alkyl iodides can play a role in the chemistry of the marine boundary layer. Previous studies have shown that at room temperature the reaction takes place via a complex mechanism including adduct formation. For the Cl + ethyl iodide reaction results on the thermodynamics of adduct formation and on the product yields are inconsistent. The kinetics of the reaction Cl + C2H5I have been studied by the direct observation of the HCl product in real time flash photolysis/IR absorption experiments as a function of temperature from 273 to 450 K. At temperatures above 375 K kinetic measurements confirm a direct process and the rate coefficient determined (4.85 ± 0.55) × 10−11 exp((−363 ± 51)/T) cm3 molecule−1 s−1 is in good agreement with previous direct determinations. Product yield studies have also been undertaken by comparing the HCl signal from Cl + C2H5I with that from a calibration reaction which shows that HCl is the sole product of the reaction at these temperatures. Yield studies with selectively deuterated ethyl iodide demonstrate that abstraction occurs predominantly from the α site, with the selectivity decreasing with temperature. Extrapolation of the yield data to 298 K predicts an α : β ratio of 0.68 : 0.32. At temperatures between 273 and 325 K a biexponential growth was observed for the HCl signal consistent with adduct formation. Analysis of the HCl time profiles allowed the extractions of the forward and reverse rate coefficients for adduct formation and hence the calculations of the thermodynamic properties of adduct formation. A third law analysis yields a value of ΔrH = (−54 ± 4) kJ mol−1. The value of ΔrH is in good agreement with a previous third law determination (J. J. Orlando, C. A. Piety, J. M. Nicovich, M. L. McKee, P. H. Wine, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2005, 109, 6659).

Graphical abstract: Studies on the Cl + C2H5I reaction; site specific abstraction reactions and thermodynamics of adduct formation studied by observation of HCL product

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Apr 2009, accepted on 20 Aug 2009 and first published on 23 Sep 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B907793F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009,11, 10417-10426
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    Studies on the Cl + C2H5I reaction; site specific abstraction reactions and thermodynamics of adduct formation studied by observation of HCL product

    R. Wada, R. C. Sharma, M. A. Blitz and P. W. Seakins, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009, 11, 10417
    DOI: 10.1039/B907793F

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