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Issue 21, 2009
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Ionothermal synthesis—ionic liquids as functional solvents in the preparation of crystalline materials

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Abstract

Ionothermal synthesis is the use of ionic liquids simultaneously as both the solvent and potential template or structure directing agent in the formation of solids. It directly parallels hydrothermal synthesis where the solvent is water. In this feature article I discuss the general features of ionothermal synthesis and how the properties of the synthesis differ from those of other synthetic methodologies. In particular, I will discuss the role of the ionic liquid anion in determining the structure of the synthesised solid, the role of mineralisers such as water and fluoride, and the targeted use of unstable ionic liquids to produce new inorganic and inorganic–organic hybrid materials.

Graphical abstract: Ionothermal synthesis—ionic liquids as functional solvents in the preparation of crystalline materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Feb 2009, accepted on 12 Mar 2009 and first published on 25 Mar 2009


Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/B902611H
Citation: Chem. Commun., 2009,0, 2990-2998
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    Ionothermal synthesis—ionic liquids as functional solvents in the preparation of crystalline materials

    R. E. Morris, Chem. Commun., 2009, 0, 2990
    DOI: 10.1039/B902611H

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