The channel-mediated transport of ions through a membrane is of great importance in biological systems and holds a considerable potential for sensing applications. Ion-channel engineering follows two approaches. The first is the engineering of biological channels with the goal to control existing functionality. Currently, this area benefits from progress in structural information of ion channels, new methods in protein engineering (protein semi-synthesis), and the inclusion of chemical synthesis to obtain hybrid ion channels. The second approach in ion channel engineering is the de novo design. Here, progress emerges from self-assembly concepts to prepare β-barrel and π-barrel pores. This review focuses on contributions published in the year 2007 with inclusion of selected work of the time span 2005–2006.
Fetching data from CrossRef. This may take some time to load.