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Issue 7, 2008
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The influence of membrane ion-permselectivity on electrokinetic concentration enrichment in membrane-based preconcentration units

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Abstract

The performance of nanoporous hydrogel microplugs with varying surface charge density is described in concentrating charged analytes electrokinetically in a microfluidic device. A neutral hydrogel plug with a mean pore size smaller than the size of charged analytes acts as a simple size-exclusion membrane. The presence of fixed charges on the backbone of a nanoporous hydrogel creates ion-permselectivity which results in charge-selective transport through the hydrogel. This leads to the development of concentration polarization (CP) in the adjoining bulk electrolyte solutions under the influence of an applied electrical field. CP strongly affects the distribution of the local electrical field strength, in particular, in the vicinity of the hydrogel plug which can significantly reduce the concentration enrichment factors compared to the neutral hydrogel. A theoretical model and simulations are presented, together with experimental data, to explain the interplay of hydrogel or membrane cation-selectivity, electrical field-induced CP, and the distribution of the local electrical field strength with respect to concentration enrichment of negatively charged analytes at the cathodic membrane–solution interface.

Graphical abstract: The influence of membrane ion-permselectivity on electrokinetic concentration enrichment in membrane-based preconcentration units

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jan 2008, accepted on 11 Apr 2008 and first published on 12 May 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B800549D
Citation: Lab Chip, 2008,8, 1153-1162
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    The influence of membrane ion-permselectivity on electrokinetic concentration enrichment in membrane-based preconcentration units

    D. Hlushkou, R. Dhopeshwarkar, R. M. Crooks and U. Tallarek, Lab Chip, 2008, 8, 1153
    DOI: 10.1039/B800549D

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