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Issue 48, 2008
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High-conductivity poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) film for use in ITO-free polymer solar cells

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Abstract

In this study, we devised a simple method to enhance the conductivity of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films through spin-coating with various surface-modified compounds, and then applied this technique to the preparation of ITO-free polymer solar cells (PSCs). The electrical conductivity of PEDOT:PSS films can be increased by more than two order of magnitudes merely by spin-coating a compound containing one or more polar groups—such as ethanol, methoxyethanol, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, and ethylene glycol—onto the films. In this paper, we discuss the phenomena occurring through conductivities, morphologies, and chemical properties of the modified PEDOT-PSS films as determined using Raman spectroscopy, a four-point probe, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The schematic 3D morphological model of directly solvent-modified PEDOT:PSS films is presumed for ITO-free devices. The desirable conductivity enhancements of these materials make them attractive candidates for use as anode materials in ITO-free PSCs.

Graphical abstract: High-conductivity poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) film for use in ITO-free polymer solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jul 2008, accepted on 07 Oct 2008 and first published on 04 Nov 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B813079E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2008,18, 5948-5955
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    High-conductivity poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) film for use in ITO-free polymer solar cells

    Y. Hsiao, W. Whang, C. Chen and Y. Chen, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 5948
    DOI: 10.1039/B813079E

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