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Issue 41, 2008
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Bionanocomposites based on poly(ε-caprolactone)-grafted cellulose nanocrystals by ring-opening polymerization

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Abstract

A ‘grafting from’ approach was used to graft poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers to cellulose nanocrystals by Sn(Oct)2-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization (ROP). The grafting efficiency was evidenced by the long-term stability of suspension of PCL-grafted cellulose nanocrystals in toluene. These observations were confirmed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Extracted nanohybrids were characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and contact angle measurements. The morphology and crystalline structure of the PCL-grafted cellulose nanocrystals was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-Ray diffraction, respectively. Results showed that cellulose nanocrystals kept their initial morphological integrity and their native crystallinity. Nanocomposites with high content of cellulose nanocrystals were prepared using either neat cellulose nanocrystals or PCL-grafted cellulose nanocrystals and high molecular weight PCL as matrix using a casting/evaporation technique. Thermo-mechanical properties of processed nanocomposites were studied by DSC, dynamical mechanical analyses (DMA) and tensile tests. A significant improvement in terms of Young's modulus and storage modulus was obtained.

Graphical abstract: Bionanocomposites based on poly(ε-caprolactone)-grafted cellulose nanocrystals by ring-opening polymerization

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2008, accepted on 05 Aug 2008 and first published on 18 Sep 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B809212E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2008,18, 5002-5010
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    Bionanocomposites based on poly(ε-caprolactone)-grafted cellulose nanocrystals by ring-opening polymerization

    Y. Habibi, A. Goffin, N. Schiltz, E. Duquesne, P. Dubois and A. Dufresne, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 5002
    DOI: 10.1039/B809212E

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