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Issue 39, 2008
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Poly(caprolactone)/clay masterbatches prepared in supercritical CO2 as efficient clay delamination promoters in poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)

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Abstract

Poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN)/clay nanocomposites with a high degree of clay exfoliation were prepared upon melt blending of pre-exfoliated poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/organoclay masterbatches in a Brabender-type internal mixer. These highly filled masterbatches were synthesized by a one-pot process using supercritical carbon dioxide as a polymerization medium. During their dispersion into SAN, PCL is expected to act as a compatibilizer at the polymer–clay interface as it is miscible with the host matrix under these conditions. Reference nanocomposites based on direct melt mixing of the commercial organoclay were also prepared for the sake of comparison. The superiority of the masterbatch route in term of clay delamination efficiency has been evidenced by XRD analysis, visual and TEM observations. The effect of the nanocomposite morphology on the polymer properties was then investigated. A substantial improvement of the fire behaviour and a decrease in gas permeability have been observed for the nanocomposite containing the highest level of clay exfoliation, accompanied with a higher brittleness as evidenced by traction and impact tests.

Graphical abstract: Poly(caprolactone)/clay masterbatches prepared in supercritical CO2 as efficient clay delamination promoters in poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2008, accepted on 16 Jul 2008 and first published on 21 Aug 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B807357K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2008,18, 4623-4630
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    Poly(caprolactone)/clay masterbatches prepared in supercritical CO2 as efficient clay delamination promoters in poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)

    L. Urbanczyk, C. Calberg, S. Benali, S. Bourbigot, E. Espuche, F. Gouanvé, P. Dubois, A. Germain, C. Jérôme, C. Detrembleur and M. Alexandre, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 4623
    DOI: 10.1039/B807357K

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