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Issue 38, 2008
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Deposition of ZrO2 and HfO2 thin films by liquid injection MOCVD and ALD using ansa-metallocene zirconium and hafnium precursors

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Abstract

Thin films of ZrO2 and HfO2 have been deposited by liquid injection metalorganic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD) using a range of ansa-metallocene precursors [(Cp2CMe2)ZrMe2] (1), [(Cp2CMe2)ZrMe(OMe)] (2) [(Cp2CMe2)HfMe2] (3), and [(Cp2CMe2)HfMe(OMe)] (4) with O2 (MOCVD) or ozone (ALD) as oxygen source. The crystal structures of the new complexes 2 and 3 have been determined and they are shown to be mononuclear and isostructural to complex 1, containing a chelating [Cp2CMe2] ligand leading to a pseudo-four-coordinate distorted tetrahedral geometry around the central Zr or Hf atom, in agreement with structures from Density Functional Theory (DFT). The ZrO2 and HfO2 films were deposited by MOCVD over the temperature range 400–650 °C and by ALD over the temperature range 175–350 °C. X-Ray diffraction analysis showed that the HfO2 films deposited by MOCVD were amorphous, whereas the ZrO2 films deposited by MOCVD were in the tetragonal phase. Auger electron spectroscopy showed that residual carbon was present in all the films and that the films grown by MOCVD contained more carbon (2.4–17.0 at.%) than the films grown by ALD (1.8–2.8 at.%). The dielectric properties of ZrO2 and HfO2 films deposited by ALD were evaluated using [Al/MO2/n-Si] metal oxide semiconductor capacitor (MOSC) structures which showed that the films had low current leakage densities of less than 6 × 10−7 A cm−2 at ±2 MV cm−1.

Graphical abstract: Deposition of ZrO2 and HfO2 thin films by liquid injection MOCVD and ALD using ansa-metallocene zirconium and hafnium precursors

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2008, accepted on 25 Jun 2008 and first published on 20 Aug 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B807205A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2008,18, 4561-4571
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    Deposition of ZrO2 and HfO2 thin films by liquid injection MOCVD and ALD using ansa-metallocene zirconium and hafnium precursors

    K. Black, H. C. Aspinall, A. C. Jones, K. Przybylak, J. Bacsa, P. R. Chalker, S. Taylor, C. Z. Zhao, S. D. Elliott, A. Zydor and P. N. Heys, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 4561
    DOI: 10.1039/B807205A

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