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Issue 11, 2008
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Development of a standard reference material for Cr(VI) in contaminated soil

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Abstract

Over the last several decades, considerable contamination by hexavalent chromium has resulted from the land disposal of Chromite Ore Processing Residue (COPR). COPR contains a number of hexavalent chromium-bearing compounds that were produced in high temperature industrial processes. Concern over the carcinogenic potential of this chromium species, and its environmental mobility, has resulted in efforts to remediate these waste sites. To provide support to analytical measurements of hexavalent chromium, a candidate National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material® (SRM 2701), having a hexavalent chromium content of approximately 500 mg kg−1, has been developed using material collected from a waste site in Hudson County, New Jersey, USA. The collection, processing, preparation and preliminary physico–chemical characterization of the material are discussed. A two-phase multi-laboratory testing study was carried out to provide data on material homogeneity and to assess the stability of the material over the duration of the study. The study was designed to incorporate several United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) determinative methods for hexavalent chromium, including Method 6800 which is based on speciated isotope dilution mass spectrometry (SIDMS), an approach which can account for chromium species inter-conversion during the extraction and measurement sequence.

Graphical abstract: Development of a standard reference material for Cr(vi) in contaminated soil

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 May 2008, accepted on 12 Aug 2008 and first published on 29 Sep 2008


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/B808488B
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2008,23, 1550-1554
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    Development of a standard reference material for Cr(VI) in contaminated soil

    S. J. Nagourney, S. A. Wilson, B. Buckley, H. M. S. Kingston, S. Yang and S. E. Long, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2008, 23, 1550
    DOI: 10.1039/B808488B

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