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Issue 10, 2008
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Study of aerosols generated by 213 nm laser ablation of cobalt-cemented hard metals

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Cobalt-cemented hard metals present an example of samples with a complicated matrix consisting of components differing in chemical and physical properties and with extremely low volatility of all components. The purpose of this study was to compare particle formation of a set of real samples with similar matrices but different content of major components. The laser ablation process was studied using a Q-switched quintupled (213 nm) nanosecond Nd:YAG laser. Five samples of Co-cemented tungsten carbides, actually WC-TiC-(Ta,Nb)C-Co with a varied content of main constituents, were selected as representatives of a family of 15 miscellaneous tungsten carbide hard metal products. Physical and chemical properties vary over this specimen selection and therefore the effect on particle size formation and distribution was expected. The size distributions by number of ablated particles in different size ranges were measured using an optical aerosol spectrometer. The results proved the relationship between particle formation and sample composition. The structure of laser generated particles and the properties of ablation-craters were additionally studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Spherical particles in the diameter range of 0.25–2 μm and μm-sized agglomerates composed of primary nano-particles were observed. The W and Co content in the aerosol particles was determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The volumes of ablation craters were measured by an optical profilometer. The laser ablation study of selected Co-cemented tungsten carbide hard metals indicates a similar total volume of formed particles with composition-dependent particle-size distributions.

Graphical abstract: Study of aerosols generated by 213 nm laser ablation of cobalt-cemented hard metals

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Feb 2008, accepted on 24 Jun 2008 and first published on 06 Aug 2008

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B802906G
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2008,23, 1341-1349
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    Study of aerosols generated by 213 nm laser ablation of cobalt-cemented hard metals

    M. Holá, V. Konečná, P. Mikuška, J. Kaiser, K. Páleníková, S. Průša, R. Hanzlíková and V. Kanický, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2008, 23, 1341
    DOI: 10.1039/B802906G

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