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Issue 9, 2007
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Singlet oxygen quantum yields of potential porphyrin-based photosensitisers for photodynamic therapy

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Abstract

The singlet oxygen formation quantum yield (ΦΔ) for solutions of the di-cation, free-base and metallated forms of hematoporphyrin derivative (HpD), hematoporphyrin IX (Hp9) and a boronated protoporphyrin (BOPP) are reported using the method of direct detection of the characteristic phosphorescence following polychromatic excitation. Values of ΦΔ for the free-base form of all the porphyrins and the di-cation forms of Hp9 and HpD are in the range of 0.44 to 0.85 in the solvents investigated. Incorporation of zinc ions into the macrocycle reduces ΦΔ for all three porphyrins. BOPP facilitates the coordination of certain transition metals (Mn, Co and Cu) compared to Hp9 and HpD and results in a dramatic decrease in ΦΔ. The experimental data suggest the introduction of low energy charge transfer states associated with the disruption of the planarity of the macrocyclic ring provides alternative non-radiative deactivation pathways. In BOPP, this non-planarity is augmented by the large closo-carborane peripheral substituent groups.

Graphical abstract: Singlet oxygen quantum yields of potential porphyrin-based photosensitisers for photodynamic therapy

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Apr 2007, accepted on 25 Jul 2007 and first published on 31 Jul 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B705853E
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007,6, 995-1002
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    Singlet oxygen quantum yields of potential porphyrin-based photosensitisers for photodynamic therapy

    S. Mathai, T. A. Smith and K. P. Ghiggino, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007, 6, 995
    DOI: 10.1039/B705853E

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