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Issue 2, 2007
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Support-controlled chemoselective olefinimine addition photocatalyzed by cadmium sulfide on a zinc sulfide carrier

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Abstract

The semiconductor catalyzed photoaddition of cyclopentene or cyclohexene to various novel electron-poor imines of type p-XC6H4(CN)C[double bond, length as m-dash]N(COPh) (X = H, F, Cl, Br, Me, MeO) was investigated as a function of the nature of the cadmium sulfide photocatalyst. Irradiation (λ ≥ 350 nm) of silica supported cadmium sulfide surprisingly did not afford the expected olefinimine adducts but an imine hydrocyanation product via an unprecedented dark reaction. However, when silica was replaced by zinc sulfide as the support for cadmium sulfide, the expected homoallylic N-benzoyl-α-amino cyanides were isolated in yields of 65–84%. Thus, chemoselectivity is introduced through replacing an insulating by a semiconducting support, a hitherto unknown effect in semiconductor photocatalysis. From the sign of the time resolved photovoltage it is found that the mixed metal sulfide interface CdS/ZnS increases the lifetime of photogenerated electron–hole pairs by about one order of magnitude as compared to the SiO2/CdS system. The reaction rate increases with increasing imine σ-Hammett constants and decreasing stability of intermediate benzyl radicals.

Graphical abstract: Support-controlled chemoselective olefin–imine addition photocatalyzed by cadmium sulfide on a zinc sulfide carrier

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Nov 2006, accepted on 29 Nov 2006 and first published on 19 Dec 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B616070K
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007,6, 159-164
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    Support-controlled chemoselective olefinimine addition photocatalyzed by cadmium sulfide on a zinc sulfide carrier

    M. Gärtner, J. Ballmann, C. Damm, F. W. Heinemann and H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007, 6, 159
    DOI: 10.1039/B616070K

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