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Issue 45, 2007
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Particle morphology, crystal orientation, and electrochemical reactivity of LiFePO4 synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 443 K

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Abstract

LiFePO4 (space group: Pnma) was synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 443 K. The pH of the precursor solution was systematically changed between 2.5 and 9.5. The particle morphology, crystal orientation, and electrochemical reactivity of the prepared LiFePO4 particles changed depending on the concentration of the Li source and pH of the precursor. The particles obtained from acidic solutions (pH ≈ 3.5) were needle-like particles. On the other hand, plate-like crystals were obtained from weak acidic solutions of 4 < pH < 6.5. At higher pH than 7.2, the particles became randomly shaped. The plate-like crystal had a large facet in the ac-plane, while the needle-like particles had a large facet in the bc-plane. The electrochemical properties of the prepared LiFePO4 were characterized in a mixed solvent of ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate with volume ratio of 1 : 1 containing 1.0 mol dm−3 LiClO4 at room temperature. The plate-like crystals exhibited the highest electrochemical reactivity among the prepared samples, and the discharge capacity was 163 mA h g−1 measured at a current density of 17 mA g−1.

Graphical abstract: Particle morphology, crystal orientation, and electrochemical reactivity of LiFePO4 synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 443 K

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jul 2007, accepted on 24 Sep 2007 and first published on 01 Oct 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B711521K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2007,17, 4803-4810
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    Particle morphology, crystal orientation, and electrochemical reactivity of LiFePO4 synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 443 K

    K. Dokko, S. Koizumi, H. Nakano and K. Kanamura, J. Mater. Chem., 2007, 17, 4803
    DOI: 10.1039/B711521K

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