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Issue 35, 2007
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Fluorescence ratiometric assays of hydrogen peroxide and glucose in serum using conjugated polyelectrolytes

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Abstract

A new water-soluble cationic polyfluorene with boronate-protected fluorescein (peroxyfluor-1) covalently linking to the polymer backbone (PF-FB) was synthesized as a fluorescence probe to optically detect hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and glucose in serum. The peroxyfluor-1 exists as a lactone form which is colorless and non-fluorescent. Without addition of H2O2, the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from fluorene units (donor) to peroxyfluor-1 (acceptor) is absent and only blue donor emission is observed upon excitation of the fluorene units. In the presence of H2O2, the peroxyfluor-1 can specifically react with H2O2 to deprotect the boronate protecting groups and to generate green fluorescent fluorescein. The absorption of fluorescein overlaps the emission of polyfluorene, which encourages efficient FRET from the fluorene units to the fluorescein. By triggering the shift in emission color and the ratio change of blue to green emission intensities, it is possible to assay H2O2 and its concentration change in buffer solution and in serum. The PF-FB probe can detect H2O2 in the range from 4.4 to 530 µM. Since glucose oxidases (GOx) can specifically catalyze the oxidation of β-D-(+)-glucose to generate H2O2, glucose detection is also realized with the PF-FB probe as the signal transducer. Thus, an optical assay for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and glucose in serum was created which combines a fluorescent ratiometric technique based on FRET with the light-harvesting properties of conjugated polymers.

Graphical abstract: Fluorescence ratiometric assays of hydrogen peroxide and glucose in serum using conjugated polyelectrolytes

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Mar 2007, accepted on 15 Jun 2007 and first published on 29 Jun 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B703856A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2007,17, 3702-3707
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    Fluorescence ratiometric assays of hydrogen peroxide and glucose in serum using conjugated polyelectrolytes

    F. He, F. Feng, S. Wang, Y. Li and D. Zhu, J. Mater. Chem., 2007, 17, 3702
    DOI: 10.1039/B703856A

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