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Issue 6, 2007
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Effect of pore size on the performance of mesoporous zirconia-supported cobalt Fischer–Tropsch catalysts

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Abstract

Mesoporous zirconia with different pore sizes have been prepared and investigated as supports of cobalt catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). It was found that the F–T catalytic performances were closely correlated to the pore sizes of the mesoporous zirconia. The average crystalline sizes of Co3O4 grew with increasing the pore size. Furthermore, their reduction degrees were enhanced, in that the Co–ZrO2 interaction decreased with the increase of pore size. The results from the catalyst testing showed that the FTS catalytic activity, C5+ selectivity, C18+ selectivity and the selectivity to C12–C18 paraffins were enhanced, whereas C1 selectivity decreased with increasing pore size. Based on the systemic study on the effects of the pore sizes of mesoporous zirconia on FTS, it was shown that the Co/PMZ-12 catalyst supported on the large pore size mesoporous zirconia exhibited the largest cobalt oxide particle size, the highest reducibility, and thus showed the highest FTS catalytic activity, with especially good selectivity to C12–C18 paraffins as the main component of the clean diesel oil fraction. The result was attributed to the combination of two factors. One was the improvement of the reducibility of the cobalt catalyst, the control of re-adsorption of the α-alkene and chain growth derived from the large pore size and narrow pore size distribution of the mesoporous support. The other was that the cobalt catalyst supported on zirconia displayed a high FTS catalytic activity and C5+ selectivity.

Graphical abstract: Effect of pore size on the performance of mesoporous zirconia-supported cobalt Fischer–Tropsch catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2006, accepted on 25 Jan 2007 and first published on 21 Feb 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B614266D
Citation: Green Chem., 2007,9, 611-615
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    Effect of pore size on the performance of mesoporous zirconia-supported cobalt Fischer–Tropsch catalysts

    Y. Liu, K. Fang, J. Chen and Y. Sun, Green Chem., 2007, 9, 611
    DOI: 10.1039/B614266D

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