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Issue 4, 2007
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The chemistry of functionalised N-heterocyclic carbenes

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This tutorial review presents the synthesis, chemistry and applications of functionalised N-heterocyclic carbenes NHC and their transition metal complexes. Functionalised NHC comprise those carrying a phosphino-, amino-, imino- or oxygen-containing functionality on the imidazole sidechain. Main applications have been the modification of catalysts and their immobilisation by fixation on a polymeric support using the functional group. Whereas the functionalisation of the NHC has not improved their performance in catalysis, new developments have occurred in the use of imidazole-containing biomolecules such as L-histidine or caffeine as precursors for NHC.

Graphical abstract: The chemistry of functionalised N-heterocyclic carbenes

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jun 2006 and first published on 08 Sep 2006

Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/B603765H
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2007,36, 592-607
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    The chemistry of functionalised N-heterocyclic carbenes

    O. Kühl, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2007, 36, 592
    DOI: 10.1039/B603765H

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