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Issue 31, 2007
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The gas phase tropospheric removal of fluoroaldehydes (CxF2x+1CHO, x = 3, 4, 6)

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Abstract

The rate coefficient of the OH reaction with the perfluoroaldehydes C3F7CHO and C4F9CHO have been determined in the temperature range 252–373 K using the pulsed laser photolysis–laser induced fluorescence (PLP-LIF) method: kC3F7CHO+OH = (2.0 ± 0.6) × 10−12 exp[−(369 ± 90)/T] and kC4F9CHO+OH = (2.0 ± 0.5) × 10−12 exp[−(356 ± 70)/T] cm3 molecule−1 s−1, corresponding to (5.8 ± 0.6) × 10−13 and (6.1 ± 0.5) × 10−13 cm3 molecule−1 s−1, respectively, at 298 K. The UV absorption cross sections of these two aldehydes and CF3(CF2)5CH2CHO have been measured over the range 230–390 nm at 298 K and also at 328 K for CF3(CF2)5CH2CHO. The obtained results for C3F7CHO and C4F9CHO are in good agreement with two recent determinations but the maximum value of the absorption cross section for CF3(CF2)5CH2CHO is over a factor of two lower than the single one recently published. The photolysis rates of C3F7CHO, C4F9CHO and CF3(CF2)5CHO have been measured under sunlight conditions in the EUPHORE simulation chamber in Valencia (Spain) at the beginning of June. The photolysis rates were, respectively, Jobs = (1.3 ± 0.6) × 10−5, (1.9 ± 0.8) × 10−5 and (0.6 ± 0.3) × 10−5 s−1. From the Jobs measurements and calculated photolysis rate Jcalc, assuming a quantum yield of unity across the atmospheric range of absorption of the aldehydes, quantum yields Jobs/Jcalc = (0.023 ± 0.012), (0.029 ± 0.015) and (0.046 ± 0.028) were derived for the photodissociation of C3F7CHO, C4F9CHO and CF3(CF2)5CHO, respectively. The atmospheric implication of the data obtained in this work is discussed. The main conclusion is that the major atmospheric removal pathway for fluoroaldehydes will be photolysis, which under low NOx conditions, may be a source of fluorinated carboxylic acids in the troposphere.

Graphical abstract: The gas phase tropospheric removal of fluoroaldehydes (CxF2x+1CHO, x = 3, 4, 6)

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Mar 2007, accepted on 18 Apr 2007 and first published on 21 May 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B703741B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007,9, 4200-4210
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    The gas phase tropospheric removal of fluoroaldehydes (CxF2x+1CHO, x = 3, 4, 6)

    G. Solignac, A. Mellouki, G. Le Bras, M. Yujing and H. Sidebottom, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 4200
    DOI: 10.1039/B703741B

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