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Issue 2, 2007
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Correlated proton motion in hydrogen bonded systems: tuning proton affinities

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Abstract

The theorem of matching proton affinities (PA) has been widely used in the analysis of hydrogen bonds. However, most experimental and theoretical investigations have to cope with the problem that the variation of the PA of one partner in the hydrogen bond severely affects the properties of the interface between both molecules. The B3LYP/d95+(d,p) analysis of two hydrogen bonds coupled by a 5-methyl-1H-imidazole molecule showed that it is possible to change the PA of one partner of the hydrogen bond while maintaining the properties of the interface. This technique allowed us to correlate various properties of the hydrogen bond directly with the difference in the PAs between both partners: it is possible to tune the potential energy surface of the bonding hydrogen atom from that of an ordinary hydrogen bond (localized hydrogen atom) to that of a low barrier hydrogen bond (LBHB, delocalized hydrogen atom) just by varying the proton affinity of one partner. This correlation shows clearly that matching PAs are of lesser importance for the formation of a LBHB than the relative energy difference between the two tautomers of the hydrogen bond.

Graphical abstract: Correlated proton motion in hydrogen bonded systems: tuning proton affinities

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2006, accepted on 01 Nov 2006 and first published on 20 Nov 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B612945E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007,9, 299-310
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    Correlated proton motion in hydrogen bonded systems: tuning proton affinities

    T. Lankau and C. Yu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 299
    DOI: 10.1039/B612945E

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