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Issue 5, 2006
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Polystyrene-grafted titanium oxide nanoparticles prepared through surface-initiated nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization and their application to polymer hybrid thin films

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Abstract

Polystyrene (PS)-grafted-titanium oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles with a diameter of 15 nm were prepared by the ‘grafting-from’ method using the surface initiator for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization (NMRP). The graft densities were estimated to be 0.04–0.28 chains nm−2. Under this graft dense region it is assumed that surface polymer chains form a polymer brush structure in good solvents. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction suggested that the tacticity of the PS chains on the nanoparticle surface is mainly atactic. PS-grafted-TiO2 nanoparticles were stably dispersed in good solvents for PS chains due to the steric repulsion between the grafted chains derived from the osmotic pressure effect and their affinity for the solvents. When the PS-grafted-TiO2 particles were finely dispersed, the ultraviolet absorption due to TiO2 was strong and the difference in absorbance between the visible and ultraviolet regions was ten or more times greater than that for non-grafted TiO2. By adding PS-grafted-TiO2 particles with PS matrix powder in CHCl3, hybrid films were prepared by solvent casting. The PS-grafted-TiO2PS hybrid films showed high transmittance in the visible light region accompanied by ultraviolet absorption characteristic of TiO2 due to the fine dispersion of nanoparticles in the PS matrix. Furthermore, friction tests revealed that the wear resistance of PS thin films with PS-grafted-TiO2 was improved compared with PS film.

Graphical abstract: Polystyrene-grafted titanium oxide nanoparticles prepared through surface-initiated nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization and their application to polymer hybrid thin films

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Jan 2006, accepted on 23 Mar 2006 and first published on 31 Mar 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B601197G
Citation: Soft Matter, 2006,2, 415-421
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    Polystyrene-grafted titanium oxide nanoparticles prepared through surface-initiated nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization and their application to polymer hybrid thin films

    R. Matsuno, H. Otsuka and A. Takahara, Soft Matter, 2006, 2, 415
    DOI: 10.1039/B601197G

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