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Issue 3, 2006
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Sunscreens with an absorption maximum of ≥360 nm provide optimal protection against UVA1-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6 in human dermal fibroblasts

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Abstract

UVA1-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) is mediated by an autocrine mechanism involving the cytokines interleukin-1 and -6 (IL-1 and IL-6). The subsequent degradation of collagen fibers is thought to be the main cause of skin wrinkling. As it is currently not known which wavelengths within the UVA1 range are responsible for these effects, we have assessed 5 UVA1 filters (experimental filters HRH21328 and HRH22127, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDM), diethylaminohydroxybenzylbenzoic acid hexyl ester (DHBB) and anisotriazine) with different absorption maxima for their capacity to protect against UVA1-induced MMP-1 expression. To test the efficacy of these hydrophobic filters in a cell culture system, UVA1 irradiation of primary human fibroblasts was performed through a quartz microplate filled with ethanolic solutions of the UVA filters placed on top of the cell microplate. Inhibition of UVA1-induced gene expression was detected by real time RT-PCR. The efficacy to protect against UVA1-induced MMP-1 expression was wavelength dependent: the protection by HRH22127 was best, followed by HRH21328, DHBB, BMDM, and anisotriazine. In addition, HRH22127 and HRH 21328 both significantly inhibited UVA1-induced expression of IL-1α and IL-6 with HRH21238 being superior to HRH22127. These studies indicate that UVA1 filters with a maximum absorption at ≥360 nm are most effective in preventing UVA1 radiation-induced MMP-1, IL-1α, and IL-6 expression pointing towards a critical role for effective filtering beyond ≥360 nm for protection against UVA1-induced photoaging.

Graphical abstract: Sunscreens with an absorption maximum of ≥360 nm provide optimal protection against UVA1-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6 in human dermal fibroblasts

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Nov 2005, accepted on 09 Jan 2006 and first published on 07 Feb 2006


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/B516702G
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2006,5, 275-282
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    Sunscreens with an absorption maximum of ≥360 nm provide optimal protection against UVA1-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6 in human dermal fibroblasts

    G. Vielhaber, S. Grether-Beck, O. Koch, W. Johncock and J. Krutmann, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2006, 5, 275
    DOI: 10.1039/B516702G

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