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Issue 3-4, 2006
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The comparative metabonomics of age-related changes in the urinary composition of male Wistar-derived and Zucker (fa/fa) obese rats

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Abstract

The global metabolite profiles of endogenous compounds excreted in urine by male Wistar-derived and Zucker (fa/fa) obese rats were investigated from 4 to 20 weeks of age using both 1H NMR spectroscopy and HPLC-TOF/MS with electrospray ionisation (ESI). Multivariate data analysis was then performed on the resulting data which showed that the composition of the samples changed with age, enabling age-related metabolic trajectories to be constructed. At 4 weeks it was possible to observe differences between the urinary metabolite profiles from the two strains, with the difference becoming more pronounced over time resulting in a marked divergence in their metabolic trajectories at 8–10 weeks. The changes in metabolite profiles detected using 1H NMR spectroscopy included increased protein and glucose combined with reduced taurine concentrations in the urine of the Zucker animals compared to the Wistar-derived strain. In the case of HPLC-MS a number of ions were found to be present at increased levels in the urine of 20 week old Zucker rats compared to Wistar-derived rats including m/z 71.0204, 111.0054, 115.0019, 133.0167 and 149.0454 (negative ion ESI) and m/z 97.0764 and 162.1147 (positive ion ESI). Conversely, ions m/z 101.026 and 173.085 (negative ion ESI) and m/z 187.144 and 215.103 (positive ion ESI) were present in decreased amounts in urine from Zucker compared to Wistar-derived rats. Metabolite identities proposed for these ions include fumarate, maleate, furoic acid, ribose, suberic acid, carnitine and pyrimidine nucleoside. The utility of applying metabonomics to understanding disease processes and the biological relevance of some of the findings are discussed.

Graphical abstract: The comparative metabonomics of age-related changes in the urinary composition of male Wistar-derived and Zucker (fa/fa) obese rats

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Dec 2005, accepted on 18 Jan 2006 and first published on 15 Feb 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B517195D
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2006,2, 193-202
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    The comparative metabonomics of age-related changes in the urinary composition of male Wistar-derived and Zucker (fa/fa) obese rats

    R. E. Williams, E. M. Lenz, M. Rantalainen and I. D. Wilson, Mol. BioSyst., 2006, 2, 193
    DOI: 10.1039/B517195D

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