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Issue 3, 2006
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Electrochemical microfluidic biosensor for the detection of nucleic acid sequences

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Abstract

A microfluidic biosensor with electrochemical detection for the quantification of nucleic acid sequences was developed. In contrast to most microbiosensors that are based on fluorescence for signal generation, it takes advantage of the simplicity and high sensitivity provided by an amperometric and coulorimetric detection system. An interdigitated ultramicroelectrode array (IDUA) was fabricated in a glass chip and integrated directly with microchannels made of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). The assembly was packaged into a Plexiglas® housing providing fluid and electrical connections. IDUAs were characterized amperometrically and using cyclic voltammetry with respect to static and dynamic responses for the presence of a reversible redox couple—potassium hexacyanoferrate (II)/hexacyanoferrate (III) (ferri/ferrocyanide). A combined concentration of 0.5 µM of ferro/ferricyanide was determined as lower limit of detection with a dynamic range of 5 orders of magnitude. Background signals were negligible and the IDUA responded in a highly reversible manner to the injection of various volumes and various concentrations of the electrochemical marker. For the detection of nucleic acid sequences, liposomes entrapping the electrochemical marker were tagged with a DNA probe, and superparamagnetic beads were coated with a second DNA probe. A single stranded DNA target sequence hybridized with both probes. The sandwich was captured in the microfluidic channel just upstream of the IDUA via a magnet located in the outside housing. Liposomes were lysed using a detergent and the amount of released ferro/ferricyanide was quantified while passing by the IDUA. Optimal location of the magnet with respect to the IDUA was investigated, the effect of dextran sulfate on the hybridization reaction was studied and the amount of magnetic beads used in the assay was optimized. A dose response curve using varying concentrations of target DNA molecules was carried out demonstrating a limit of detection at 1 fmol assay−1 and a dynamic range between 1 and 50 fmol. The overall assay took 6 min to complete, plus 15–20 min of pre-incubation and required only a simple potentiostat for signal recording and interpretation.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical microfluidic biosensor for the detection of nucleic acid sequences

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Sep 2005, accepted on 09 Jan 2006 and first published on 24 Jan 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B513239H
Citation: Lab Chip, 2006,6, 414-421
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    Electrochemical microfluidic biosensor for the detection of nucleic acid sequences

    V. N. Goral, N. V. Zaytseva and A. J. Baeumner, Lab Chip, 2006, 6, 414
    DOI: 10.1039/B513239H

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