Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 1, 2006
Previous Article Next Article

Conversion of scallop viscera wastes to valuable compounds using sub-critical water

Author affiliations

Abstract

The large amount of seafood wastes discharged from related industries has become a serious problem. Since these wastes contain high concentrations of organic variables such as proteins and fat, a method for recovery of these useful materials would be a highly desirable process. In this work, sub- and supercritical water hydrolysis of scallop viscera wastes has been studied in a batch-type reactor. Experiments were performed at a temperature range of 443–673 K with the reaction time between 1–50 min. Through the hydrolysis reaction, this method produced valuable materials such as amino acids, organic acids, fat and oil phases, soluble proteins and peptides. At 513 K and 50 min, maximum amino acids (0.15 kg per kg dry scallop waste) were obtained, while maximum organic acids were found at 553 K and 40 min (0.08 kg per kg dry scallop waste). The optimum temperature for amino and organic acids was close to the temperature at which the ion product of water is maximum. Among amino acids, glycine was the most abundant while in organic acids pyroglutamic acid was most plentiful. Experimental results demonstrated that this technique has great potential for practical application because it was not only energy saving, environmentally friendly and cost effective but also produced many useful materials with zero emission.

Graphical abstract: Conversion of scallop viscera wastes to valuable compounds using sub-critical water

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 25 May 2005, accepted on 21 Oct 2005 and first published on 15 Nov 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B507441J
Citation: Green Chem., 2006,8, 100-106
  •   Request permissions

    Conversion of scallop viscera wastes to valuable compounds using sub-critical water

    O. Tavakoli and H. Yoshida, Green Chem., 2006, 8, 100
    DOI: 10.1039/B507441J

Search articles by author