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Issue 39, 2006
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Mechanistic investigation of CO2 hydrogenation by Ru(II) and Ir(III) aqua complexes under acidic conditions: two catalytic systems differing in the nature of the rate determining step

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Abstract

Ruthenium aqua complexes [(η6-C6Me6)RuII(L)(OH2)]2+ {L = bpy (1) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (2), bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine, 4,4′-OMe-bpy = 4,4′-dimethoxy-2,2′-bipyridine} and iridium aqua complexes [Cp*IrIII(L)(OH2)]2+ {Cp* = η5-C5Me5, L = bpy (5) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (6)} act as catalysts for hydrogenation of CO2 into HCOOH at pH 3.0 in H2O. The active hydride catalysts cannot be observed in the hydrogenation of CO2 with the ruthenium complexes, whereas the active hydride catalysts, [Cp*IrIII(L)(H)]+ {L = bpy (7) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (8)}, have successfully been isolated after the hydrogenation of CO2 with the iridium complexes. The key to the success of the isolation of the active hydride catalysts is the change in the rate-determining step in the catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 from the formation of the active hydride catalysts, [(η6-C6Me6)RuII(L)(H)]+, to the reactions of [Cp*IrIII(L)(H)]+ with CO2, as indicated by the kinetic studies.

Graphical abstract: Mechanistic investigation of CO2 hydrogenation by Ru(ii) and Ir(iii) aqua complexes under acidic conditions: two catalytic systems differing in the nature of the rate determining step

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jun 2006, accepted on 01 Aug 2006 and first published on 16 Aug 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B607993H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2006, 4657-4663
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    Mechanistic investigation of CO2 hydrogenation by Ru(II) and Ir(III) aqua complexes under acidic conditions: two catalytic systems differing in the nature of the rate determining step

    S. Ogo, R. Kabe, H. Hayashi, R. Harada and S. Fukuzumi, Dalton Trans., 2006, 4657
    DOI: 10.1039/B607993H

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