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Issue 10, 2006
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DFT and MD studies on the influence of the orientation of ester linkage groups in banana-shaped mesogens

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Abstract

The influence of the direction of ester linkage groups on the structural and electronic properties of five-ring banana-shaped molecules with a central 1,3-phenylene unit has been investigated including hexyloxy and dodecyloxy terminal chains. DFT studies on the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level were performed on the conformational behaviour of the ten isomers in a systematic way. The one- and two-fold potential energy scans show that the flexibility of the wings significantly depends on the orientation of the carboxyl linkage groups. Moreover, the different directions of the carboxyl groups between the aromatic rings cause remarkable changes on the dipole moment and its components of the molecules. These findings are supported by investigations on the global charge pattern of the molecules calculated from electrostatic potential group charges. The bending angle α obtained from a simple model for the five-ring bent-core molecules is a characteristic structural parameter which can be correlated with experimental findings. Calculations on the bent-core molecules in an external electric dipole field related to the direction of their polar axis show remarkable effects with respect to the flexibility and polarity of the isomers. First molecular dynamics simulations on the banana-shaped molecules were carried out within the AMBER 7 package. The trajectories of relevant structural parameters support the findings of the DFT studies. The results concerning the structure and polarity revealed from the DFT and MD calculations of the ten isomers can be correlated with data from dielectric measurements and mesophase properties.

Graphical abstract: DFT and MD studies on the influence of the orientation of ester linkage groups in banana-shaped mesogens

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Sep 2005, accepted on 22 Dec 2005 and first published on 12 Jan 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B513934A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006,8, 1170-1177
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    DFT and MD studies on the influence of the orientation of ester linkage groups in banana-shaped mesogens

    S. Ananda Rama Krishnan, W. Weissflog, G. Pelzl, S. Diele, H. Kresse, Z. Vakhovskaya and R. Friedemann, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006, 8, 1170
    DOI: 10.1039/B513934A

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