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Issue 3, 2006
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An electrochemical immunosensor using ferrocenyl-tethered dendrimer

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Abstract

We report here an enzyme-amplified, sandwich-type immunosensor for detecting the biospecific interaction between an antibody and antigen using redox mediation. We employed biotin/anti-biotin IgG as a model immunosensing pair. Partially ferrocenyl-tethered dendrimer (Fc-D), whose ferrocene moiety acts as a redox mediator, was immobilized to the electrode surface by covalent binding between the dendrimer amines and the carboxylic acids of a self-assembled monolayer. The unreacted amines of the immobilized Fc-D were modified with biotin groups to allow the specific binding of goat anti-biotin IgG. Rabbit anti-goat IgG-conjugated alkaline phosphatase was bound to goat anti-biotin IgG to catalyze conversion of p-aminophenyl phosphate monohydrate to p-aminophenol. This product is oxidized to quinoimide by the reduction of ferrocenium back to ferrocene, producing an electrocatalytic anodic current. Cyclic voltammograms and surface plasmon resonance experiments showed that the binding of nonspecific proteins is not significant on the biotinylated Fc-D surface. We also examined the change in peak current according to the concentration of anti-biotin IgG and found that the detection range of this immunosensing scheme is between 0.1 and 30 µg mL−1.

Graphical abstract: An electrochemical immunosensor using ferrocenyl-tethered dendrimer

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jul 2005, accepted on 21 Nov 2005 and first published on 05 Dec 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B509969B
Citation: Analyst, 2006,131, 402-406
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    An electrochemical immunosensor using ferrocenyl-tethered dendrimer

    S. J. Kwon, E. Kim, H. Yang and J. Kwak, Analyst, 2006, 131, 402
    DOI: 10.1039/B509969B

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