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Issue 6, 2005
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Magnetic force-based multiplexed immunoassay using superparamagnetic nanoparticles in microfluidic channel

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Abstract

This paper describes a novel microfluidic immunoassay utilizing binding of superparamagnetic nanoparticles to beads and deflection of these beads in a magnetic field as the signal for measuring the presence of analyte. The superparamagnetic 50 nm nanoparticles and fluorescent 1 µm polystyrene beads are immobilized with specific antibodies. When target analytes react with the polystyrene beads and superparamagnetic nanoparticles simultaneously, the superparamagnetic nanoparticles can be attached onto the microbeads by the antigen–antibody complex. In the poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic channel, only the microbeads conjugated with superparamagnetic nanoparticles by analytes consequently move to the high gradient magnetic fields under the specific applied magnetic field. In this study, the magnetic force-based microfluidic immunoassay is successfully applied to detect the rabbit IgG and mouse IgG as model analytes. The lowest concentration of rabbit IgG and mouse IgG measured over the background is 244 pg mL−1 and 15.6 ng mL−1, respectively. The velocities of microbeads conjugated with superparamagnetic nanoparticles are demonstrated by magnetic field gradients in microfluidic channels and compared with the calculated magnetic field gradients. Moreover, dual analyte detection in a single reaction is also performed by the fluorescent encoded microbeads in the microfluidic device. Detection range and lower detection limit can be controlled by the microbeads concentration and the higher magnetic field gradient.

Graphical abstract: Magnetic force-based multiplexed immunoassay using superparamagnetic nanoparticles in microfluidic channel

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Feb 2005, accepted on 11 Apr 2005 and first published on 29 Apr 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B502225H
Citation: Lab Chip, 2005,5, 657-664
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    Magnetic force-based multiplexed immunoassay using superparamagnetic nanoparticles in microfluidic channel

    K. Sung Kim and J. Park, Lab Chip, 2005, 5, 657
    DOI: 10.1039/B502225H

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