Rapid and highly sensitive detection of duplex dye-labelled DNA sequences in a PDMS microfluidic channel was investigated using confocal surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). This method does not need either an immobilization procedure or a PCR amplification procedure, which are essential for a DNA microarray chip. Furthermore, Raman peaks of each dye-labelled DNA can be easily resolved since they are much narrower than the corresponding broad fluorescence bands. To find the potential applicability of confocal SERS for sensitive bio-detection in a microfluidic channel, the mixture of two different dye-labelled (TAMRA and Cy3) sex determining Y genes, SRY and SPGY1, was adsorbed on silver colloids in the alligator teeth-shaped PDMS microfluidic channel and its SERS signals were measured under flowing conditions. Its major SERS peaks were observable down to the concentration of 10−11 M. In the present study, we explore the feasibility of confocal SERS for the highly sensitive detection of duplex dye-labelled DNA oligonucleotides in a PDMS microfluidic chip.