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Issue 15, 2005
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Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic and quantum chemical studies of the reaction of silylene with oxygen

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Abstract

Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of silylene, SiH2, generated by laser flash photolysis of phenylsilane, have been carried out to obtain rate constants for its bimolecular reaction with O2. The reaction was studied in the gas phase over the pressure range 1–100 Torr in SF6 bath gas, at five temperatures in the range 297–600 K. The second order rate constants at 10 Torr were fitted to the Arrhenius equation:log(k/cm3 molecule−1 s−1) = (−11.08 ± 0.04) + (1.57 ± 0.32 kJ mol−1)/RT ln10The decrease in rate constant values with increasing temperature, although systematic is very small. The rate constants showed slight increases in value with pressure at each temperature, but this was scarcely beyond experimental uncertainty. From estimates of Lennard-Jones collision rates, this reaction is occurring at ca. 1 in 20 collisions, almost independent of pressure and temperature. Ab initio calculations at the G3 level backed further by multi-configurational (MC) SCF calculations, augmented by second order perturbation theory (MRMP2), support a mechanism in which the initial adduct, H2SiOO, formed in the triplet state (T), undergoes intersystem crossing to the more stable singlet state (S) prior to further low energy isomerisation processes leading, via a sequence of steps, ultimately to dissociation products of which the lowest energy pair are H2O + SiO. The decomposition of the intermediate cyclo-siladioxirane, via O–O bond fission, plays an important role in the overall process. The bottleneck for the overall process appears to be the T → S process in H2SiOO. This process has a small spin–orbit coupling matrix element, consistent with an estimate of its rate constant of 1 × 109 s−1 obtained with the aid of RRKM theory. This interpretation preserves the idea that, as in its reactions in general, SiH2 initially reacts at the encounter rate with O2. The low values for the secondary reaction barriers on the potential energy surface account for the lack of an observed pressure dependence. Some comparisons are drawn with the reactions of CH2 + O2 and SiCl2 + O2.

Graphical abstract: Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic and quantum chemical studies of the reaction of silylene with oxygen

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Apr 2005, accepted on 09 Jun 2005 and first published on 24 Jun 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B504760A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2005,7, 2900-2908
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    Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic and quantum chemical studies of the reaction of silylene with oxygen

    R. Becerra, S. Bowes, J. Steven Ogden, J. Pat Cannady, I. Adamovic, Mark. S. Gordon, M. J. Almond and R. Walsh, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2005, 7, 2900
    DOI: 10.1039/B504760A

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