Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 5, 2005
Previous Article Next Article

Separation and preconcentration phenomena in internally heated poly(dimethylsilicone) capillaries: preliminary modelling and demonstration studies

Author affiliations

Abstract

The concept of achieving low-resolution separations in internally heated capillary membranes is discussed in terms of controlling the diffusion coefficients of volatile organic compounds in poly(dimethylsilicone) membranes in space and time. The behaviour of 1,1,1-trichloroethane in polydimethylsilicone was used in conjunction with a mixed-physics finite element model, incorporating second order partial differential equations, to describe time and spatial variations of mass-flux, membrane temperature and diffusion coefficients. The model, coded with Femlab, predicted highly non-linear diffusion coefficient profiles resulting from temperature programming a 500 μm thick membrane, with an increase in the diffusion coefficient of approximately 30% in the last 30% of the membrane thickness. Simulations of sampling hypothetical analytes, with disparate temperature dependent diffusion coefficient relationships, predicted distinct thermal desorption profiles with selectivities that reflected the extent of diffusion through the membrane. The predicted desorption profiles of these analytes also indicated that low resolution separations were possible. An internally heated poly(dimethylsilicone) capillary membrane was constructed from a 10 cm long, 1.5 mm od capillary with 0.5 mm thick walls. Thirteen aqueous standards of volatile organic compounds of environmental significance were studied, and low-resolution separations were indicated, with temperature programming of the membrane enabling desorption profiles to be differentiated. Further, analytically useful relationships in the μg cm−3 concentration range were demonstrated with correlation coefficients >0.96 observed for linear regressions of desorption profile intensities to analyte concentrations.

Graphical abstract: Separation and preconcentration phenomena in internally heated poly(dimethylsilicone) capillaries: preliminary modelling and demonstration studies

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 10 Sep 2004, accepted on 15 Feb 2005 and first published on 11 Mar 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B414005B
Citation: Analyst, 2005,130, 755-762
  •   Request permissions

    Separation and preconcentration phenomena in internally heated poly(dimethylsilicone) capillaries: preliminary modelling and demonstration studies

    N. D. Rezgui, A. B. Kanu, K. E. Waters, B. M. B. Grant, A. J. Reader and C. L. P. Thomas, Analyst, 2005, 130, 755
    DOI: 10.1039/B414005B

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements