Conjugate addition of lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-α-methylbenzylamide to a range of α,β-unsaturated Weinreb amides proceeds with high levels of diastereoselectivity (>95% de). The β-amino Weinreb amide products may be transformed into β-amino ketones via reactions with Grignard reagents, while treatment with DIBAL-H furnishes β-amino aldehydes. Trapping of the aldehyde via Wadsworth–Emmons reaction and subsequent manipulation offers an efficient route to homochiral δ-amino acid derivatives and 2-substituted piperidines. The application of this methodology for the synthesis of (S)-coniine is demonstrated.
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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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