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Issue 4, 2004
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Separation of lanthanides and actinides(III) using tridentate benzimidazole, benzoxazole and benzothiazole ligands

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Abstract

The ability of new hydrophobic tridentate ligands based on 2,6-bis(benzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine, 2,6-bis(benzoxazol-2-yl)pyridine and 2,6-bis(benzothiazol-2-yl)pyridine to selectively extract americium(III) from europium(III) was measured. The most promising ligand – 2,6-bis(benzoxazol-2-yl)-4-(2-decyl-1-tetradecyloxy)pyridine L9 was found to give separation factors (SFAm/Eu) of up to 70 when used to extract cations from 0.02–0.10 M HNO3 into TPH in synergy with 2-bromodecanoic acid. Six structures of lanthanide complexes with 2,6-bis(benzoxazol-2-yl)pyridine L6 were then determined to evaluate the types of species that are likely to be involved in the separation process. Three structural types were observed, namely [LnL6(NO3)3(H2O)2], 11-coordinate only for La, [LnL6(NO3)3 (CH3CN)], 10-coordinate for Pr, Nd and Eu and [LnL6(NO3)3(H2O)], L 10-coordinate for Eu and Gd. Quantum Mechanics calculations were carried out on the tridentate ligands to elucidate the conformational preferences of the ligands in the free state and protonated and diprotonated forms and to assess the electronic properties of the ligands for comparison with other terdentate ligands used in lanthanide/actinide separation processes.

Graphical abstract: Separation of lanthanides and actinides(iii) using tridentate benzimidazole, benzoxazole and benzothiazole ligands

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Nov 2003, accepted on 13 Jan 2004 and first published on 24 Feb 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B314321J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2004,28, 462-470
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    Separation of lanthanides and actinides(III) using tridentate benzimidazole, benzoxazole and benzothiazole ligands

    M. G. B. Drew, C. Hill, M. J. Hudson, P. B. Iveson, C. Madic, L. Vaillant and T. G. A. Youngs, New J. Chem., 2004, 28, 462
    DOI: 10.1039/B314321J

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