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Issue 10, 2004
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Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials

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Abstract

Linear arrays of ZnO nanoparticles have been successfully prepared by a simple sol–gel condensation reaction involving chemical modifiers, followed by drying (80 °C) and calcination (500 °C). The calcined material (nano-array ZnO) is composed of approximately spherical nanoparticles of average diameter 21 ± 3 nm, self-assembled to form arrays extending in length to 2–4 µm. The morphology of the ZnO is found to depend sensitively on the amounts of chemical modifiers present. In their absence the ZnO produced (nano-ZnO) is an unstructured agglomerate of nanoparticles. The mechanism for formation of these linear arrays has been investigated by examining the intermediates formed at 80 °C and 250 °C using XRD and TEM and by following the decomposition reactions using TGA and DSC. Varistors prepared from the nano-array ZnO by sintering (1050 °C) with appropriate mixtures of metal oxides showed a breakdown voltage of 786 ± 30 V mm−1, which is substantially higher than that of samples prepared under similar conditions from either micron-sized commercial ZnO (507 ± 30 V mm−1) or from nano-ZnO (683 ± 30 V mm−1).

Graphical abstract: Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jan 2004, accepted on 11 Mar 2004 and first published on 14 Apr 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B400927D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2004,14, 1572-1578
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    Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials

    S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack and R. Ramesh, J. Mater. Chem., 2004, 14, 1572
    DOI: 10.1039/B400927D

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