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Issue 4, 2004
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Structural systematics in boron-doped single wall carbon nanotubes

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We report atomic level high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), electron nanodiffraction and nano-electron energy loss spectroscopy (nano-EELS) of boron-doped carbon nanostructures obtained by laser ablation of Co/Ni/B-doped carbon targets. The observations provide direct evidence for structural systematics and atomic structural defects as a function of the B content in the target. Targets with low B concentration (below 3 at%), produced ropes of single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with no detectable boron present in the SWCNT ropes. However, unintended N-doping of the curved honeycomb lattice was observed in the 2.5 at% B sample (which is attributed to the possible presence of small amounts of N in the targets or reaction environments), with striking consequences for doping of heteroatoms within the hexagonal lattice of the graphene layer. At higher B concentration (3.5 at% and higher), there are significant changes in the nanostructure, which exhibits defective graphite layers and a small number of double wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs). At the higher B concentration, boron-doping is evidenced in the form of very small amorphous B clusters trapped in graphite-like defective sites.

Graphical abstract: Structural systematics in boron-doped single wall carbon nanotubes

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Sep 2003, accepted on 15 Dec 2003 and first published on 26 Jan 2004

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B311696D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2004,14, 669-675
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    Structural systematics in boron-doped single wall carbon nanotubes

    P. L. Gai, O. Stephan, K. McGuire, A. M. Rao, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus and C. Colliex, J. Mater. Chem., 2004, 14, 669
    DOI: 10.1039/B311696D

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