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Volume 127, 2004
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Ultrafast temporary charge transfer in pyrrolidinyl–benzonitrile and pyrrolylbenzonitrile in the gas phase

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Abstract

4-(N-pyrrolidinyl)benzonitrile and 4-(N-pyrrolyl)benzonitrile were excited by an ultrashort pulse at 270 nm to their La (S2) states and then probed by ionization at long wavelengths. Parent and fragment ion signals show components with time constants <100 fs which we attribute to ultrafast relaxation to the Lb (S1) state. From this short time we infer a conical intersection between the Lb and La surfaces. The wave packet can branch there, one part going temporarily to a strongly displaced state. Its shift was concluded from an anisotropy observed only there. The only excited state known to have a large displacement is the charge-transfer (CT) state. The positive anisotropy indicates that the CT state belongs to the 2A species for both molecules. For pyrrolylbenzonitrile, this is in contrast to previous assignments. The anisotropy, and a coherent oscillation observed in pyrrolidinylbenzonitrile, support the idea that the amino-group twist is an important component of the CT reaction coordinate.

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Oct 2003, accepted on 08 Jan 2004 and first published on 13 Apr 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B313691D
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2004,127, 23-33
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    Ultrafast temporary charge transfer in pyrrolidinyl–benzonitrile and pyrrolylbenzonitrile in the gas phase

    W. Fuß, W. Rettig, W. E. Schmid, S. A. Trushin and T. Yatsuhashi, Faraday Discuss., 2004, 127, 23
    DOI: 10.1039/B313691D

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