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Issue 20, 2004
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Flexible N,N,N-chelates as supports for iron and cobalt chloride complexes; synthesis, structures, DFT calculations and ethylene oligomerisation studies

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Abstract

The aryl-substituted N-picolylethylenediamine and diethylenetriamine ligands, (ArNHCH2CH2){(2-C5H4N)CH2}NH and (ArNHCH2CH2)2NH (Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3, 2,4,6-Me3C6H2), have been prepared by employing palladium-catalysed N–C(aryl) coupling reactions of the corresponding primary amines with aryl bromide. Treatment of MCl2 with (ArNHCH2CH2){(2-C5H4N)CH2}NH affords [{(ArNHCH2CH2)((2-C5H4N)CH2)NH}CoCl2] (Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H31a; 2,4,6-Me3C6H21b) and [{(ArNHCH2CH2)((2-C5H4N)CH2)NH}FeCl2]n (n = 1, Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H32a; n = 2, 2,4,6-Me3C6H22b) in high yield. The X-ray structures of 1a and 1b are isostructural and reveal the metal centres to adopt distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometries with the N,N,N-chelates adopting fac-structures. A facial coordination mode of the ligand is also observed in bimetallic 2b, however, in 2a the N,N,N-chelate adopts a mer-configuration with the metal centre adopting a geometry best described as square pyramidal. Solution studies indicate that merfac isomerisation is a facile process for these systems at room temperature. Quantum mechanical calculations (DFT) have been performed on 1a and 2a, in which the ligands employed are identical, and show the fac- to be marginally more stable than the mer-configuration for cobalt (1a) while for iron (2a) the converse is evident. Reaction of (ArNHCH2CH2)2NH with CoCl2 gave the five-coordinate complexes [{(ArNHCH2CH2)2NH}CoCl2] (Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H33a, 2,4,6-Me3C6H23b), in which the ligand adopts a mer-configuration; no reaction occurred with FeCl2. All complexes 13 act as modest ethylene oligomerisation catalysts on activation with excess methylaluminoxane (MAO); the iron systems giving linear α-olefins while the cobalt systems give mixtures of linear and branched products.

Graphical abstract: Flexible N,N,N-chelates as supports for iron and cobalt chloride complexes; synthesis, structures, DFT calculations and ethylene oligomerisation studies

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jun 2004, accepted on 09 Aug 2004 and first published on 27 Aug 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B409827G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2004, 3231-3240
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    Flexible N,N,N-chelates as supports for iron and cobalt chloride complexes; synthesis, structures, DFT calculations and ethylene oligomerisation studies

    R. Cowdell, C. J. Davies, S. J. Hilton, J. Maréchal, G. A. Solan, O. Thomas and J. Fawcett, Dalton Trans., 2004, 3231
    DOI: 10.1039/B409827G

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