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Issue 20, 2004
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Substrate water interactions within the Photosystem II oxygen evolving complex

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Abstract

The 18O exchange rates for the substrate water in photosystem II can be obtained by time-resolved mass spectrometric approaches and provide insight into the chemical nature of the substrate binding sites in the oxygen evolving complex (OEC). In this communication, we report additional data on the resolvable S-state dependence of the substrate exchange rates in untreated spinach thylakoids. The data reveals that the exchange for one substrate water molecule is resolvable in all S states, i.e. S0 (k1 ≈ 10 s−1), S1 (k1 ≈ 0.02 s−1), S2 (k1 ≈ 2.0 s−1) and S3 (k1 ≈ 2.0 s−1), and that the second substrate water molecule is resolvable in S2 (k2 ≈ 120 s−1) and S3 (k2 ≈ 40 s−1) states, and faster than 120 s−1 during the S0 and S1 states. The temperature dependencies of the exchange rates are also reported. The corresponding activation energies for the slow exchange substrate water in S1, S2 and S3 are 83 ± 4, 71 ± 9, and 78 ± 9 kJ mol−1, respectively. In contrast, the activation energy for the fast exchange substrate water in S3, is 40 ± 5 kJ mol−1. Finally we also report the secondary isotope effect of deuterium on S3 state measurements, where the slow exchange substrate water remains unaffected while the rate for the fast exchange substrate water increases by a factor of ∼35%, resulting in an inverse H/D isotope effect. The exchange rates, activation energies and deuterium effects provide further mechanistic constraints on the water oxidation reaction in photosystem II and provide strong evidence that the slow exchange substrate water does not undergo any significant changes in its binding properties during the S2–S3 transition.

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 May 2004, accepted on 29 Jul 2004 and first published on 13 Aug 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B407269C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004,6, 4882-4889
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    Substrate water interactions within the Photosystem II oxygen evolving complex

    W. Hillier and T. Wydrzynski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004, 6, 4882
    DOI: 10.1039/B407269C

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