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Issue 1, 2004
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The photophysical properties of a pyrenethiopheneterpyridine conjugate and of its zinc(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes

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A tripartite supermolecule, comprising a pyrene moiety tethered to a 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridyl ligand via a 2,5-diethynylated thiophene linker, has been synthesized. This compound is highly fluorescent in solution due to the formation of an intramolecular charge-transfer (CT) state. From consideration of the electrochemical properties, it is concluded that the CT state arises because of charge transfer from pyrene to the central thiophene-based unit. Formation of the CT state involves an increase in dipole moment of ca. 18.5 D. Phosphorescence was not observed but the intermediate population of the triplet state was confirmed by laser flash photolysis. Addition of Zn2+ cations results in a drastic decrease in the fluorescence yield while the absorption spectrum exhibits a pronounced red shift. It appears that the dipole is extended upon cation binding, with the zinc terpyridine terminal acting as the electron acceptor. Again, no phosphorescence was apparent at 77 K. Coordination of a ruthenium(II) 2,2′;6′,2″-terpyridyl metallo-fragment to the vacant terpyridine terminal causes the appearance of weak phosphorescence in fluid solution at room temperature. The emitting species has a lifetime of 2.6 μs in deoxygenated acetonitrile at 20 °C. Luminescence, which shows a complex temperature dependence, is attributed to either the lowest-energy metal-to-ligand, charge-transfer triplet localised on the ruthenium(II) complex or to the intraligand CT state. In the later case, spin–orbit coupling effects induced by the ruthenium atom are responsible for promoting emission.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2003, accepted on 14 Nov 2003 and first published on 02 Dec 2003

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B312286G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004,6, 51-57
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    The photophysical properties of a pyrenethiopheneterpyridine conjugate and of its zinc(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes

    A. C. Benniston, A. Harriman, D. J. Lawrie and A. Mayeux, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004, 6, 51
    DOI: 10.1039/B312286G

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