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Issue 9, 2003
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From polymer–metal complex framework to 3D architectures: growth, characterization and formation mechanism of micrometer-sized α-NiS

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Abstract

A complex-ion reaction route under solvothermal conditions was investigated for the preparation of micrometer-sized NiAs-type α-NiS with complex architectures, on the basis of the strategy that the framework structure of PEG-NiCl2 complex could provide orientation for the growth of 3D NiAs-type α-NiS crystals. The as-prepared NiS powders with flower-like architectures were characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), ultraviolet, visible light (UV-Vis) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. Fourier transform infrared absorption (FT-IR) spectra as functions of temperature were recorded to investigate the coordinative chemical effect in the PEG–NiCl2 complex. When PEG-6000 was substituted with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) or poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), two other complex architectures (i.e. tennis-ball shaped or urchin-like) were produced. On the basis of a series of supplementary experiments and the result of FT-IR spectra, it was found that both the framework structure of the polymer–metal complex and the functional groups on the polymers had a considerable effect on the final architectures of α-NiS crystals.

Graphical abstract: From polymer–metal complex framework to 3D architectures: growth, characterization and formation mechanism of micrometer-sized α-NiS

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Mar 2003, accepted on 26 May 2003 and first published on 15 Aug 2003


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B303514J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2003,27, 1331-1335
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    From polymer–metal complex framework to 3D architectures: growth, characterization and formation mechanism of micrometer-sized α-NiS

    F. Xu, Y. Xie, X. Zhang, C. Wu, W. Xi, J. Hong and X. Tian, New J. Chem., 2003, 27, 1331
    DOI: 10.1039/B303514J

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