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Issue 5, 2003
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Synthesis of dimethyl carbonate by vapor phase oxidative carbonylation of methanol

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Abstract

To develop a vapor phase dimethyl carbonate synthesis process, the effects of reaction conditions and contaminants in feed materials on reaction performance have been investigated for CuCl2/NaOH/activated carbon catalysts. A small spherical activated carbon particle with an average diameter of 60 μm was newly prepared. Optimal conditions for reaction temperature, pressure, contact time and reactant molar ratio were determined as follows: 393–423 K, 0.7–1.0 MPa, 0.1–0.3 kg-cat h m−3 and CH3OH ∶ CO ∶ O2 = 1 ∶ 3–4 ∶ 0.07–0.12, respectively. Among contaminants introduced, N2, H2, and CO2 did not affect the catalyst performance. However, H2O in the feed decreased the conversion of methanol and the selectivity of carbon monoxide to dimethyl carbonate. A fluidized bed reactor is preferable for the vapor phase reaction, considering the required temperature control and continual catalyst regeneration.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of dimethyl carbonate by vapor phase oxidative carbonylation of methanol

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2003 and first published on 19 Aug 2003


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B304618B
Citation: Green Chem., 2003,5, 558-562
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    Synthesis of dimethyl carbonate by vapor phase oxidative carbonylation of methanol

    H. Itoh, Y. Watanabe, K. Mori and H. Umino, Green Chem., 2003, 5, 558
    DOI: 10.1039/B304618B

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