The pKa values of acidic dissociation of the conjugate acids of derivatives of benzoate anions, where one or two oxygen atoms are replaced by an NSO2CF3 group, N-aroyltrifluoromethanesulfonamides 1a–f and previously unreported N,N′-bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)benzamidines 4a–f, were measured in acetonitrile. In the case of the parent compound, the incorporation of the first NSO2CF3 group instead of the oxygen atom leads to a sharp (by 9.6 pKa units) increase in the acidity, whereas the replacement of the second oxygen atom results in a further huge increase in the acidity by 4.9 powers of ten. It was found that the sensitivity of the reaction series under consideration towards substituent effects (in the benzene ring) decreases in the following order: benzoic acids > benzamides (1a–f) > benzamidines (4a–f). The results of this work carry potentially important implications for the design of new types of superacids and catalytic materials.
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Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
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