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Issue 11, 2002
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The immense acidifying effect of the supersubstituent [double bond, length as m-dash]NSO2CF3 on the acidity of amides and amidines of benzoic acids in acetonitrile

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Abstract

The pKa values of acidic dissociation of the conjugate acids of derivatives of benzoate anions, where one or two oxygen atoms are replaced by an [double bond, length as m-dash]NSO2CF3 group, N-aroyltrifluoromethanesulfonamides 1a–f and previously unreported N,N′-bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)benzamidines 4a–f, were measured in acetonitrile. In the case of the parent compound, the incorporation of the first [double bond, length as m-dash]NSO2CF3 group instead of the oxygen atom leads to a sharp (by 9.6 pKa units) increase in the acidity, whereas the replacement of the second oxygen atom results in a further huge increase in the acidity by 4.9 powers of ten. It was found that the sensitivity of the reaction series under consideration towards substituent effects (in the benzene ring) decreases in the following order: benzoic acids > benzamides (1a–f) > benzamidines (4a–f). The results of this work carry potentially important implications for the design of new types of superacids and catalytic materials.

Graphical abstract: The immense acidifying effect of the supersubstituent  [[double bond, length as m-dash]] NSO2CF3 on the acidity of amides and amidines of benzoic acids in acetonitrile

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 May 2002, accepted on 22 Aug 2002 and first published on 14 Oct 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B204172C
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1950-1955
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    The immense acidifying effect of the supersubstituent [double bond, length as m-dash]NSO2CF3 on the acidity of amides and amidines of benzoic acids in acetonitrile

    L. M. Yagupolskii, V. N. Petrik, N. V. Kondratenko, L. Sooväli, I. Kaljurand, I. Leito and I. A. Koppel, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1950
    DOI: 10.1039/B204172C

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