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Issue 5, 2002
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Nanoporous iron oxide membranes: layer-by-layer deposition and electrochemical characterisation of processes within nanopores

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Abstract

A versatile procedure for the formation of nanoporous metal oxide membranes is reported, based on a layer-by-layer deposition procedure (‘directed assembly’) of metal oxide nanoparticles with appropriate ‘linker’ molecules; here Fe2O3 particles and phytic acid. Two types of nanoporous Fe2O3 membranes have been prepared and characterised: (A) a nanofilm deposit composed of 4–5 nm diameter Fe2O3 particles linked by phytic acid and (B) a nanoporous film formed after calcination of the type A deposit at 500 °C in air. The nanofilm deposits are characterised by microscopy (SEM and AFM) and by electrochemical methods.

Mechanically stable and homogeneous nanofilm deposits with controlled thickness (ca. 3 nm per layer deposited) were obtained. Transport of small molecules or ions through the nanoporous structure and their electrochemical conversion are shown to be fast in the presence of a sufficiently high concentration of supporting electrolyte. During the electrochemical oxidation of ferrocyanide, Fe(CN)64−, the nanoporous structure of the type A deposit is shown to act as an ‘active’ membrane, which changes the electrode kinetics by ‘double-layer superposition’ effects. For the second type of nanofilm, type B, ferrocyanide is accumulated by adsorption within the porous structure.

Graphical abstract: Nanoporous iron oxide membranes: layer-by-layer deposition and electrochemical characterisation of processes within nanopores

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jan 2002, accepted on 12 Mar 2002 and first published on 16 Apr 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B200912A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2002,26, 625-629
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    Nanoporous iron oxide membranes: layer-by-layer deposition and electrochemical characterisation of processes within nanopores

    K. J. McKenzie, F. Marken, M. Hyde and R. G. Compton, New J. Chem., 2002, 26, 625
    DOI: 10.1039/B200912A

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