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Issue 8, 2002
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Synthesis of novel poly(dithienylpyridines)

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Abstract

This paper describes the chemical and electrochemical synthesis of novel copolymers of thiophene and pyridine. Di-iodination of 3-hydroxypyridine 12 followed by O-substitution gave a series of ethers 14b–d and esters/carbamates 15a–d which were reacted with the stannylated bithiophene derivative 17 in a Stille cross-coupling reaction yielding poly (1b–d) and poly (2a–d) respectively. These chemical polymerisation reactions generally resulted in highly insoluble materials which were difficult to characterise. Ethers 14b–d and esters/carbamates 15a–d gave O-substituted 3-hydroxy-2,6-di(2-thienyl)pyridines 1b–d and 2a–d respectively in Stille cross-coupling reactions with the stannylated thiophene 16. Ethers 1b–d underwent electrochemical polymerisation allowing the synthesis of O-alkylated polymers, poly (1b–d), with electrochemical band-gaps of 1.4 to 1.6 eV. In contrast, the esters/carbamates 2a–d could not be electropolymerised.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of novel poly(dithienylpyridines)

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Feb 2002, accepted on 12 Apr 2002 and first published on 30 May 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B201229D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2002,12, 2292-2298
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    Synthesis of novel poly(dithienylpyridines)

    G. M. Chapman, S. P. Stanforth, R. Berridge, C. Pozo-Gonzalo and P. J. Skabara, J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 2292
    DOI: 10.1039/B201229D

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