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Issue 4, 2002
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Synthesis of high surface area monoclinic WO3 particles using organic ligands and emulsion based methods

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Abstract

Several synthetic approaches have been used to obtain nano-sized monoclinic WO3 (m-WO3) powders. All of these methods begin with a standard preparative method where H2WO4 is first generated by passing a Na2WO4 solution through a cation-exchange resin. It is shown that high surface area particles are produced by dripping the H2WO4 exiting from the ion-exchange column into a solution containing oxalate and acetate exchange ligands or alternatively, into a water-in-oil (w/o) based emulsion. In comparison to commercial WO3 powders, the surface area of the m-WO3 powders were higher by factors of 10 and 20 times when prepared in the presence of acetate/oxalate chelating agents and w/o emulsions, respectively. The much higher surface areas enable infrared spectroscopic identification of surface sites along with detection and monitoring of gaseous reactions and adsorbed species on the surface of this metal oxide. This is demonstrated with the adsorption of a nerve agent simulant, dimethyl methyl phosphonate. In general, little is known about the reactions of gaseous molecules on m-WO3 surfaces and the fabrication of high surface area m-WO3 particles will aid in gaining an understanding of the chemical processes occurring in WO3 based sensors.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of high surface area monoclinic WO3 particles using organic ligands and emulsion based methods

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Aug 2001, accepted on 13 Jan 2002 and first published on 25 Feb 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B107993J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2002,12, 983-989
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    Synthesis of high surface area monoclinic WO3 particles using organic ligands and emulsion based methods

    Z. Lu, S. M. Kanan and C. P. Tripp, J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 983
    DOI: 10.1039/B107993J

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